Maintained status

About maintained status

If you’ve applied for a new immigration status but it won’t arrive before your current status expires, you may still be able to stay, study, and/or work in Canada during this time. This is called ‘maintained status' (formerly ‘implied status’).

This could happen when you are:

  • Extending the same status
    If you are extending your immigration status AND have submitted your application before your status expires (for example, you have a study permit and apply to extend your study permit before expiry)
  • Changing your status
    If you hold valid status in Canada, AND are applying for a different type of status (for example, you have a study permit and apply for the Post-Graduation Work Permit)

If you do not apply to extend your stay before your status in Canada expires, you must stop studying and working immediately and apply to restore your status, if eligible.

It is very important that you submit your application online before 11:59 pm Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), not midnight your local time, the day your status expires to have maintained status. 

If you’re extending your status

You usually have maintained status if:

  1. You are extending your immigration status AND
  2. Submitted your application before your status expires

If you remain in Canada, you may continue studying and/or working in Canada based on the conditions in your original document, until you receive a decision from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada(IRCC).

If your study permit expires, your other documents tied to your study permit, such as your Medical Services Plan (MSP), Social Insurance Number (SIN), and Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) will likely expire too. Make sure to extend your study permit 3-4 months before it expires.

Leaving Canada with maintained status

If you leave Canada while on maintained status, you may re-enter as long as you meet one of the following:

  • You have a valid Temporary Resident Visa (TRV)
  • You are from a TRV-exempt country with a valid Electronic Travel Authorization
  • You are a US citizen or a lawful permanent resident of the US 
  • You are TRV exempt: you're from a TRV-required country, have maintained status and are seeking re-entry to Canada following a visit only to the United States or St. Pierre and Miquelon (TRV exemption under R190(3)(f))

After re-entering Canada, you cannot resume study or work until you have received your new study/work permit.

It is strongly recommended that when re-entering Canada at the port of entry (border or airport), you show proof of your extension application. This can be a copy of your application, copy of the fee payment receipt, copy of the letter of confirmation sent by IRCC, etc.

Check travelling outside Canada then contact International Student Advising for support if you have travel plans while on maintained status.

If you’re changing status

If you apply to change your immigration status before your status expires, you can remain in Canada until you receive a decision but cannot start your new activity (studying or working) until you have received your study or work permit.

Changing from a work permit or visitor status to a study permit

If you are on a work permit or are eligible to apply inside Canada as a visitor then apply for a study permit, you can stay in Canada while your application is in progress, but you cannot start studying until you receive your study permit.

If you have a work permit, you must stop working when it expires. 

Changing from a study permit to a Post-Graduation Work Permit

If you meet certain criteria, you may immediately begin working full-time while you are waiting for a decision on your PGWP. Furthermore, if you leave and re-enter Canada, you do not lose the ability to work, even if your study permit has expired.

Medical Services Plan (MSP)

Social Insurance Number (SIN)

Your SIN will usually expire on the same date as your immigration document, such as your study or work permit.

If you have maintained status, you may continue working with your expired SIN until you receive an answer from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). You can show your employer proof of your maintained status (for example, an IRCC application payment receipt or letter confirming the submission of an application for extension, available within your MyCIC account). You can also send them employer information.

After you receive your new extended study or work permit, extend your SIN.

Temporary Resident Visa (TRV)

If you have a TRV, it will usually expire on the same date as your immigration document, such as your study or work permit. 

Once your TRV expires, there is no temporary extension while on maintained status and you cannot use it to travel to Canada after it has expired. 

After your study or work permit application is approved, you can apply for a TRV

If you have travel plans while on maintained status, contact International Student Advising to discuss your options.

International Student Guide

Find everything you need to know about life as an international student at UBC's Vancouver campus.

View the guide