On some job application forms there may be an optional checkbox inviting applicants to indicate racial identifying information. Some individuals choose to disclose this information in the event that the request is part of an affirmative action program, meaning the employer is actively seeking to support diverse candidates and correct prior and existing systemic barriers to equality.
The employer may also be tracking statistics to ensure the organization is attracting diverse candidates to the job posting, in which case the checkbox is not part of the job application itself. You are under no obligation to disclose that you are part of a visible minority.
At other times, you may notice a statement about the company’s commitment to diversity in the job posting. This is typically an indication that the employer has an active Equal Employment Opportunity Policy. It is offered to help candidates learn more about the employer’s dedication to diversity.
Whether you choose to disclose this information or not you retain the right not to be discriminated against. If, after disclosing this information, you experience discrimination in the interview stage, you may have grounds to pursue this with a legal team. In this instance, discrimination may look like being asked questions at the interview that pertain to your disclosure and do not align with the job duties.