If you apply for a different kind of permit, you generally do not have implied status. For example, if you come to Canada on a work permit and then apply for a study permit, you must stop working when your work permit expires, and cannot start studying until you receive your study permit. The transition between a study permit and a post-graduation work permit is a special exception to this rule. If your application for renewal is not approved, your implied status will end and you must leave Canada.
If your study permit expires after Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has received an application for the extension of the permit, you will still be considered a temporary resident of Canada until a decision about your application is made. This is known as implied status. With this status, you may continue studying (and working, if eligible via your study permit) in Canada until you receive a response from IRCC as long as you remain in Canada.
If you leave Canada with implied status, you may re-enter, provided that you have valid TRV, are from a TRV-exempt country or have a TRV exemption under R190(3)(f) (Temporary residents – including students - from TRV-required countries who have implied status and are seeking re-entry to Canada following a visit only to the United States or St. Pierre and Miquelon are still considered to be TRV exempt). In this case, however, you may not resume study or work until your application for renewal is granted.
Note: It is strongly recommended that, when re-entering Canada at the border (port of entry), you present documentary proof of your application (copy of your application, copy of the fee payment receipt, copy of the letter of confirmation sent by IRCC etc.) for an extension as a student.
Your study permit is your primary immigration document that shows your legal status in Canada. If your study permit expires, your other documents (e.g., Medical Services Plan (MSP), Social Insurance Number (SIN), BC Services Card) will expire too. However, if you have implied status, BC MSP and Service Canada may recognize it, so you may still be eligible to use your SIN and MSP.
Medical Services Plan (MSP)
Your MSP expiration date generally corresponds with the expiry date of your status in Canada, such as your study permit expiration date. If you have implied status, you may remain eligible for MSP if you provide proof of your implied status (for example, an IRCC application payment receipt or letter confirming the submission of an application for extension, available within your MyCIC) and a written request for an extension (a letter explaining your status and your request). Be sure to send these documents to MSP as soon as you realize you will be on implied status to give them advance notice.
If approved, MSP will extend your coverage for 3 to 6 months beyond the original expiry date. As soon as you get your new permit, send a letter to MSP asking for extension with a copy of your new study permit immediately.
The information on this page may change
The immigration information on this page has been reviewed and endorsed by Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants (RCICs) or Regulated International Student Immigration Advisors (RISIAs) in compliance with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations. However, this is not a legal document and information may change without notice. Always refer to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for the most up-to-date information.